# Ana Cristina Sprotte Costa

PostdocRoom: B-110

Phone: +49 271 740 3799

## Publications

See also arxiv

A. C. S. Costa, M. W. Beims and R. M. Angelo *
Generalized discord, entanglement, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering, and
Bell nonlocality in two-qubit systems under (non-)Markovian channels:
Hierarchy of quantum resources and chronology of deaths and births *

Physica A
*
461
*,
469
(
2016
),
arXiv:1311.5702

Generalized quantum discord $(D_q)$, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering $(S)$, entanglement $(E)$, and Bell nonlocality ($N$), are logically distinct quantifiers of quantum correlations. All these measures capture nonclassical aspects of quantum states and play some role as resources in quantum information processing. In this work, we look for the hierarchy satisfied by these quantum correlation witnesses for a class of two-qubit states. We show that $N \triangleright S\triangleright E\triangleright D_q$, meaning that nonlocality implies steering, which in turn implies entanglement, which then implies $q$-discord. For the quantum states under concern, we show that the invariance of this hierarchy under noisy quantum channels directly implies a death chronology. Additionally, we have found that sudden death of all quantum resources except discord is absent only for a subset of states of measure zero. At last, we provide an illustration of another consequence of the aforementioned hierarchy, namely, the existence of a sudden birth chronology under non-Markovian channels.

A. C. S. Costa, M. W. Beims and W. T. Strunz
*
System-environment correlations for dephasing two-qubit states coupled to
thermal baths
*

Phys. Rev. A
*
93
*,
052316
(
2016
),
arXiv:1605.04154

Based on the exact dynamics of a two-qubit system and environment, we investigate system-environment (SE) quantum and classical correlations. The coupling is chosen to represent a dephasing channel for one of the qubits and the environment is a proper thermal bath. First we discuss the general issue of dilation for qubit phase damping. Based on the usual thermal bath of harmonic oscillators, we derive criteria of separability and entanglement between an initial $X$ state and the environment. Applying these criteria to initial Werner states, we find that entanglement between the system and environment is built up in time for temperatures below a certain critical temperature $T_{\mathrm{crit}}$. On the other hand, the total state remains separable during those short times that are relevant for decoherence and loss of entanglement in the two-qubit state. Close to $T_{\mathrm{crit}}$ the SE correlations oscillate between separable and entangled. Even though these oscillations are also observed in the entanglement between the two qubits, no simple relation between the loss of entanglement in the two-qubit system and the build-up of entanglement between the system and environment is found.

A. C. S. Costa and R. M. Angelo
*
Quantification of Einstein-Podolski-Rosen steering for two-qubit states
*

Phys. Rev. A
*
93
*,
020103
(
2016
),
arXiv:1510.08030

In the last few years, several criteria to identify Eistein-Podolski-Rosen steering have been proposed and experimentally implemented. On the operational side, however, the evaluation of the steerability degree of a given state has shown to be a difficult task and only a few results are known. In this work, we propose a measure of steering that is based on the maximal violation of well established steering inequalities. Applying this approach to two-qubit states, we managed to derive simple closed formulas for steering in the two- and three-measurement scenarios. Among the options investigated, a measure has been found that correctly satisfies the entanglement-steering-nonlocality hierarchy and reproduces results reported so far.

A. C. S. Costa, R. M. Angelo and M. W. Beims
*
Monogamy and backflow of mutual information in non-Markovian thermal baths
*

Phys. Rev. A
*
90
*,
012322
(
2014
),
arXiv:1404.6433

We investigate the dynamics of information among the parties of tripartite systems. We start by proving two results concerning the monogamy of mutual information. The first one states that mutual information is monogamous for generic tripartite pure states. The second shows that in general mutual information is monogamous only if the amount of genuine tripartite correlations is large enough. Then, we analyze the internal dynamics of tripartite systems whose parties do not exchange energy. In particular, we allow for one of the subsystems to play the role of a finite thermal bath. As a result, we find a typical scenario in which local information tends to be converted into delocalized information. Moreover, we show that (i) the information flow is reversible for finite thermal baths at low temperatures, (ii) monogamy of mutual information is respected throughout the dynamics, and (iii) genuine tripartite correlations are typically present. Finally, we analytically calculate a quantity capable of revealing favorable regimes for non-Markovianity in our model.

A. C. S. Costa and R. M. Angelo
*
Bayes' rule, generalized discord, and nonextensive thermodynamics
*

Phys. Rev. A
*
87
*,
032109
(
2013
),
arXiv:1207.3337

Generalized measures of quantum correlations are derived by taking Bayes' rule as the only fundamental principle. The resulting quantifiers satisfy several desirable conditions for a measure of quantum correlations and are shown to admit operational interpretation in terms of the difference in efficiency of quantum and classical demons in allowing for the extraction of generalized work from a heat bath. The link with discord is established by adopting the $q$ entropy as entropic principle. This allows us to reproduce, within a one-parameter formalism, both the entropic and the geometric measures of discord and physically distinguish them within the context of the nonextensive thermodynamics. Besides offering a unified view of several measures of correlations in terms of the Bayesian principle and its connection with thermodynamics, our approach unveils a bridge to the nonextensive statistical mechanics.